Intressanta platser – Pärnu, Estland (2011). Fortsättning från sidan 1.
Johan Voldemar Jannsen (16 May 1819 – 13 July 1890) was a central figure in the Estonia National Awakening Movement. He edited the first issue of the weekly paper Perno Postimees on 5 June 1857, marking the beginning af continous journalism in the Estonian language. While working as a primary school teacher in Pärnu, he published the newspaper until 1863. Jannsen organosed the first Estonian Song Festival in 1869 and the second in 1879 in Tartu. He was a prolific writer and also wrote the words for the Estonian national anthem.
This memorial to Jannsen was unveiled on 1 June 2007 at the initiative of the Pärnu Postimees and Postimees newspaper and with support from the Estonian Government to celebrate 150 years of continous Estonian language jornalism. The statue is the work of Mati Karmin (sculptor). (Text på en skylt vid statyn)
August Jakobson Memorial. A Jakobson was a professional writer, chief editor of several publishing houses, and Chairman of Estonian Writers Union in 1939-1940. He made his breakthrough with his first novel ”Vaeste-Patuste alev”. This was followed by a four part series of novels called ”Tukhur hoburie” (1928-1933). These novels depict the life of workers in Rääma, a former district of Pärnu. Jakobson has also writen several theatre plays. His works have been widely published and his literary work was received state-level recognition.
The memorial was completed in 1973 and its authors architect Udo Ivask and sculptor Jaak Soans received the Kristjan Raud Award in the following year for this work. (Text på en skylt vid statyn)
Lydia Koidula Memorial. Lydia Emilia Florentine Jannsen (since 1873, Michelson). Poetess, publicist, one of the founders of Estonian theatre. The Jannsen family lived in Pärnu from 1850 to 1863. Lydia Koidula received primary edication at home from her father and then studied at the Pärnu German Higher Girls’ School. In 1862, Lydia Koidula graduated from the University of Tartu as private teacher. She began her literary activity during the Pärnu period, assisting her father with editing the newspaper ”Perno Postimees”. The same newspaper published her first literary attempts. L. Koidula was married to Eduard Michelson and in 1873, the family moved to Kronstadt. Her first poetry collection called ”Waino-Lilled” was published in 1866. With the publication of the collection ”Emmajoe Öpik” in 1867, Koidula became the leading poetess of the national movement. In this period, she also started to use the pseudonym Koidula. She is the founder of Estonian drama. In 1869, she participated in the preparations of the first Estonian Song Festival. The memorial was completed in 1929. its author is Amandus Adamson, Estonia’s first professional sculptor. (Text på en skylt vid statyn)
Raimond Valgre Memorial. R. Valgre was a legendary musician who worked as a restaurant performer and orchestra manager in Tallinn, Tartu and Pärnu. He was a self-taught composer. He wrote his first songs in 1933 and has composed more than 100 songs in total. Many of his songs have become evergreens and belong to the cream of Estonian song-writing. While staying in Pärnu, R. Valgre composed such well-known pieces as ”Muinaslugu muusikas”, ”Pärnu ballaad” and ”Näkineid”. valgre’s music is characterized by distinctive harmony and melody patterns, candid lyrics and sentimentality, and is easily memorable.
The memorial was completed in 2003 at the initiative of Pärnu Rotary Club and funded by donations from the public. its author is the sculptor Rait Pärg. (Text på en skylt vid statyn)
Georg Wilhelm Richmann was born i Pärnu, in Kuninga street (King St), on July 22th, 1711. He graduated from Gustav Adolf’s Gymnasium in Tallinn and continued his studies in the universities of Halle and Leipzig. Soon Richmann became a member of the Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg. The young academician invented the first electrometer in 1745. Together with with Mikhail Lomonossov, he started researches of electricity in the atmosphere. In the very same time with American scientist benjamin Franklin, Georg Wilhelm Richmann constructed the first lightning rod in Eastern Europe. on Agust 6th, 1753, at his lab in St. Petersburg Richmann suceeded in capturing a lightning srike which killed him. The academician Georg Wilhelm Richmann was one of the forst scientists in the whole world who sacrificed the dearast – his life – for sake of the faster developement of humankind. The auhors of the monument are Riho Kuld, the sculptor and Margit Körts, the architect.
Pärnus stränder är helt fantastiska. Långgrunt och ren fin sand. Inte undra på att barnfamiljer stortrivs här.
Venice beach, släng dig i väggen. Pärnu erbjuder rena, fräscha stränder, inga gettokulturer och inga problem varken med stölder eller annat (även om det i sällsynta fall kan hända även här).
Tallin Gate. This is the only preserved 17th century wall gate in the Baltic countries. It was built between 1675 and 1686 into the curtain between the bastions of Mercurius and Luna. It is presumed that the gate was designed by Erik Dahlberg, one of the best Swedish fortification architects in the 17th century. Until the year 1710, Tallin Gate was called Carl Gustav (King’s) Gate. The main facade is turned towards the outside of the former order town. The road from the town to the raft crossing and firther through Old-Pärnu to Tallinn passed through this wall gate until the 19th century. Above the gate is the coat of arms of Pärnu. The builing is in baroque style. The gate tunnel with a cylinder arch is 4,95 m wide and 6,85 m high. There are strong wing doors at both ends of the tunnel, and a portcullis used to be located in the middle. the gate building includes guarding rooms with eyeholes and embrasures, as well as auxiliary rooms. The structure is built of quarry-stone and bricks, while the external facade is made of porous Riga dolomite. The building was restored in the period 1977-1980.
Pärnu är värt ett besök. Flera gånger.